OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS. SAFETY INFORMATION. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION. RISK ANALYSIS. CONTROLS
GENERAL COMMENTS & USAGE
The Multi-Purpose Drum Trolley has been specifically designed to enable a person of average size and musculature to load a 200 litre steel drum on to it. The sliding clips are fitted over the drum rim. The trolley toes are placed so that the leading edges are under the lower drum rim (very important to be under or the drum may be punctured). The operator now pulls back on the extended handles, whilst pushing the drum trolley toes fully under the drum by placing a foot on the lower axle and pushing the axle forward as the drum produces its own apertures each side of the fulcrum point. The sprung axle moves to the rear during loading, thereby removing a common problem from other drum trolley designs – that of having to pull the drum over the arc of the trolley wheels first. When the drum is at an acute angle, the trolley handles can be pushed down further, until the drum is resting on all four trolley wheels. The load is then neutralized, making it easier for the operator to move the laden drum along the ground. To turn the trolley, lift the rear wheels slightly first. When bringing the laden trolley to the upright position, place a foot against the swing axle, in order to steady the lowering rate of the drum.
If the drum contents need to be decanted, the operator pushes the trolley handles from the four wheel position down towards the ground until the handles are horizontal. At this point the front axle will move forward and past the vertical point, turning the trolley into a drum stand. Once the rim clips have been slid away, the drum can be rotated on the stand in this position, in order to prevent leaks at the bung, or simply to orientate the bung into the correct position. To bring the trolley back to the four wheel position, slide the rim clips back over the drum rim, then push the brake lever forward to lock the left front wheel whilst pushing the trolley forward at the same time. When the trolley angles towards the four wheel position, the brake lever is moved rearwards to remove the brake and allow front wheel movement again. Drums can be loaded onto and unloaded from certain pallets, but practice is needed. See the hazard identification section below. There are two long and one short advice and warning labels attached to the top cross handle. They must be read by every operator before using the trolley. All instructions are to be adhered to. If the labels are defaced or missing, contact your supplier for replacements immediately. If you are not sure about any aspect of the operation of this trolley, contact your supplier for clarification.
FINISH, MAINTENANCE, SPARE PARTS & WARRANTY
The trolley finish is zinc plated, which offers a high level of corrosion and scratch resistance. No maintenance is required unless the trolley is left outside, in which case the wheel bearings should be greased every 12 months. The insides of the rim clamps are fitted with a high molecular weight plastic to prevent scoring and ensure smooth running of the slides. They need no maintenance. The double torsion spring operates at 1/5th of its capacity, and is not expected to fail during the life of the trolley. All spare parts are available from the trolley supplier, but our experience shows that this is a very rare occurrence unless the trolley has been accidentally damaged by an external force.
The frame itself is warranted against faulty workmanship for 2 years from date of purchase. This warranty excludes the toes, as transport damage, poor loading procedures or malpractices can chip or break the edges. All ancillary equipment is not guaranteed (unless due to faulty manufacture, and reported within 7 days of purchase), as the manufacturer cannot guarantee the correct use of these items. To make a warranty claim, contact your supplier, stating the invoice number and the serial number stamped on one of the flats supporting the rear wheels. Give full details of the problem. If goods are damaged in transit, no claim can be entertained. You need to ensure you have transport insurance if you want coverage. A report and claim should however be made against your transport company, who may come to the party.
HAZARD IDENTIFICATION, RISK ANALYSIS & CONTROLS
ELECTRICAL / HAZARDS
No electrical hazard exists, as the product is purely mechanical in nature, however, when decanting products of flammable nature, an approved static grounding strap should be secured to the drum and earthed appropriately. Naturally, this operation should be performed in a well ventilated area, away from any source of ignition. When decanting noxious or hazardous chemicals, similarly prepared areas as above must be utilized, along with appropriate personal protection and clothing. Safety equipment and fire suppression systems should be close at hand and in working order.
LOADING / UNLOADING
Hazard ID A – A hazard may exist, where the toes can puncture the side of the drum.
Analysis – It is most important to ensure that the sliding rim clips are fully over the drum rim, and the drum trolley toes, are FULLY underneath the lower drum rim, BEFORE attempting to load the drum onto the trolley.
Control – Train every operator to be aware of the possibility, and to ensure correct placement.
Hazard ID B – When loading / unloading drums to and from pallets, drums may slip from the trolley.
Analysis – If the drum fulcrum point is not on a sturdy board and well inside of the pallet edge, the drum may slip off the trolley, with the potential to cause harm to the operator and/or the drum. The drum may also slip off the trolley if the rim clips and the toes are not fully engaged.
a. The drum must be inside the pallet board before unloading and after loading (minimum 25mm)
b. The pallet board must be sufficiently sturdy to take the weight of the drum when tilted on its lower edge (the fulcrum point), and
c. The operator has had some practice using an old drum with water only in it, in order to ensure safe handling, as there is a knack to the procedure.
d. When loading a drum onto a pallet, the drum trolley must approach the pallet in the four wheel position. The height of the drum base will be slightly higher than a standard pallet and will therefore skim over the front board until resistance is met. The operator then pushes the trolley forward into the pallet whilst raising the trolley handles simultaneously.
Hazard ID A – Operator selection may predetermine results in a few cases.
Analysis – A slightly built or shorter than average operator, may find difficulty in providing sufficient strength and/or height to use the drum trolley without strain. Because the trolley requires the handles to be at a certain height in order to gain a leverage advantage over the drum during loading, and because some drums may be heavier than others, these circumstances may preclude certain individuals from performing the task.
Control – Some individuals may not be able to use the trolley in certain circumstances, only a trial will determine the facts. Experience and knack can certainly make a difference also. It may be a requirement that certain persons should be excluded from drum loading tasks should they complain of the task being beyond their capabilities or where strain or possible injury may result.
Hazard ID B – Gravel may cause the drum trolley to come to a halt.
Analysis – Large stones or gravel may prevent the wheels from rotating and cause the trolley to come to a halt, therefore placing the operator at risk.
Control – Do not wheel the trolley on any surfaces, which may prevent the wheels from rotating.
Hazard ID C – Drum base exposure may bring operator into contact with insects.
Analysis – If a drum is loaded onto the trolley, then taken to the horizontal position for decanting, the operator may be exposed to insects especially spiders, which make their homes under the drum.
Control – Ensure the operator wears gloves when rotating drums, to prevent insect contact and to guard against any steel swarf or protrusions, which may tear the skin.
Hazard ID D – Liquid may spill over operator.
Analysis – When tilting a drum full of liquid, liquid may spill over the operator, with potentially harmful effects.
Control – Ensure all drum bungs are tight and loose lids have been clamped, before attempting to tilt the drum onto the trolley.
Hazard ID E – Drums may leak, when placed in the horizontal position.
Analysis – Drum bungs and taps can leak, creating a hazard.
Control – The Multi Purpose Drum Trolley is equipped with internal rollers to allow the operator to rotate the drum, therefore placing the leaking bung or tap at the top, where it can be tightened.